Baro River



EEthiopia is endowed with a substantial amount of water resources and The surface water resource potential is impressive

The country possesses 12 major river basins, which form four major drainage systems. Ethiopia is a landlocked country located in the Northern part of the African continent and one of the largest countries in Africa. Ethiopia has water bodies within but it’s bordered by South Sudan, Kenya, Eritrea, Djibouti and Somalia. The different Lakes and Rivers that are found in the country have features that vary from each other starting with the way they were formed, the activities that are carried out around the water bodies. Most people know Ethiopia as a desert country but we can prove otherwise by arranging a trip for you so that you can visit the Rivers in Ethiopia. The country receives the dry season more than the wet season and these water bodies help greatly during the dry season. The different Rivers that you will see when you visit the country include the ones that have been listed below.

Baro River

The Baro River is a tributary of the River Nile and it can be found in the western part of the country. It is the main source of water for the Gambella National Park and its habitats that include wild animals and birds and the residents who live around it that is the Nuer and Anuwak people. When you visit the Gambella National Park, you will be able to see the different bird species lounging around the Baro like the Beaudouin’s snake eagle, the Egyptian plover, warblers, the red throated bee-eater, the black faced fire finch, and black crowned crane, animals which include lions, leopards, cheetahs, buffalos, giraffes, and elephants and not forgetting the annual antelope that can be seen at the Gambella. You also get to meet the locals and learn more about their cultures.

Awash River

The Awash River is one of the major Rivers in the country and it is joined by other water tributaries before they pour out their water into the main water bodies. The Awash River is a home to numerous wildlife like the Zebras, Beisa Oryx, the Dorcas gazelle, African wild ass and different bird species which are found along the River banks. The Awash River is also the longest River that is found in the country and it does not flow anywhere else outside Ethiopia. It has several tributaries before it flows into the Gregori Lake and these include the Hawadi River, the Logiya tributary, the Kabenna tributary, the Durkham tributary and the Mille tributary.

The different activities that you can carry out when you visit the Awash River include water rafting, spot fishing, visiting the locals and getting some souvenirs from the different shops that are owned by the locals, animal watching due to the presence of the different animals in the area and birding. Before you visit the Awash River, you will need to know the rules and regulations that need to be followed while there and you will also need to go with a tour guide who will mostly help you when it comes to translations.

The Blue Nile River

The Blue Nile, locally known as Abbay, is the major tributory of the great Nile river – the longest river in the world. The Blue Nile river starts from Ethiopia’s lake Tana and merges with the smaller tributory White Nile at Khartoum Sudan to form the Nile River. The mysterious Nile was long hidden from Western geographers and explorers. It was not until the expeditions of such great travellers as Bruce, Burton, and Speke that the secret of this grand river—which had fascinated, and eluded, even the ancient Romans and Greeks – was revealed. It was then confirmed that the White Nile originates in East Africa’s Lake Victoria, while the Blue Nile pours out of Ethiopia’s Lake Tana. The Blue Nile flows generally south from Lake Tana and then west across Ethiopia and northwest into Sudan. Within 30 kilometres (19 miles) of its source at Lake Tana, the river enters a canyon about 400 kilometres (250 miles) long. This gorge is a tremendous obstacle for travel and communication from the north half of Ethiopia to the southern half. As it plunges more than 2,000 metres (6,560 feet) in its 800-kilometres (497-miles) course from Ethiopia to the Sudanese plains, the Blue Nile is what embodies the drama and mystery of the great river of history. The power of the Blue Nile may best be appreciated at Tis-Isat Falls, which are 45 metres (148 ft) high, located about 40 kilometres (25 miles) downstream of Lake Tana.

Known locally as Tis-Isat- ‘Smoke of Fire’ – the Blue Nile Falls are the most dramatic spectacle that the whole Nile system has to offer. Four hundred metres (1,312 feet) wide when in flood (which normally occurs in September and October, after the rainy season), and dropping over a sheer chasm more than forty-five metres (150 feet) deep, the falls throw up a continuous spray of water droplets which drench onlookers up to a kilometre away. This misty deluge, in turn, produces rainbows that shift and shimmer across the gorge and a perennial rainforest of lush green vegetation – much to the delight of the innumerable monkeys and multi-coloured birds that inhabit the gorge.

It is only a five-minute drive from the lakeside town of Bahir Dar across the Blue Nile Bridge, to the spot where the famous river flows out of Lake Tana. But the falls are about 40 kilometres (25 miles) south of the town and are best approached from Tis-Isat village, a market settlement of the Amhara people who live in this area farming crops like wheat, sorghum and teff (from which injera, the national bread, is made).

Shebelle River

The Shebelle River is located in the highlands of Ethiopia and it flows down to the neighboring country in Somalia. The word Shebelle can loosely as leopard and it is got from the Somali tribe. This River has different tributaries although some are permanent whereas others are seasonal. During the rainy season the Shebelle River in most cases over floods and this affects the people who live close by and it is said that it once over flooded leading to the death of different people. The different tributaries that can be seen at the Shebelle River include the Wabe tributary and the Ere tributary. The River flows for over 702 kilometers and some of the activities that tourists can carry out when they visit the Shebelle River include trekking along the banks of the river, birding for all birders, you also get to see a few animals most especially the aqua ones like crocodiles, enjoy a boat ride, kayaking and many more others that you will discover once you visit the Shebelle River.

The Omo River

The Omo River is located in the south western part of Ethiopia in the Omo valley. The river is used by the many ethnic groups that live in the Omo valley and it is also used to generate power and when you visit the valley you will see the dam that was constructed on the River. The different tribes that live around the Omo river include the Wolayta, Oromo, Somali, Tigraway, Sidama, Amhara and many more others. The different activities that you can carry out around the Omo valley include water rafting, spot fishing, farming and you can also travel through the Omo valley as you visit the ancient ruins that are found in the valley, the different game parks and locals to get to know more about their unique cultures.

And although creating the dam on the Omo River has increased the production of electricity in the region, it has led to the starvation of many locals because the flow of the River has been changed and they can no longer get the fish that they used to before. We provide a tour guide who will take you around the river and visit the surrounding tourist attractions in the Omo valley.

The Tekeze River

The Tekeze River is found in the Western part of Ethiopia although it overflows into Eritrea as it is located at the border of the two countries. The River flow for over 725 kilometers and passes through the Lalibela city before joining the Atbara River. The different activities that one can carry out when they visit the Tekeze River include rafting, boat rides, spot fishing, and birding, trekking and enjoying a picnic on the shores of the River. And as you explore the Tekeze River you can also take some time off and visit the Lalibela city where you will see many historical sites that will tell you more about the Ethiopian history both cultural and political.

The Angereb River

This is located in the Amhara region in Ethiopia and it borders South Sudan. It is sometimes known as the Bahr as-salam by the locals and it is one of the tributaries of the Nile River. A visit to the river will give you a chance to carry out the different activities which are visiting the Amhara region and getting to know more about the history of Ethiopia through the historical sites that are found in the area, meet the locals and engage in their traditional festivals, enjoy a boat cruise on the River, go water kayaking, spot fishing and visit the Angereb dam which was constructed in 1997. It provides a good back drop for all those who love photography.

The Atbara River

The Atbara River is located in the north Eastern part of Ethiopia and it is one of the tributaries that meets with the Angereb River before flowing into the Nile. Its proximity to the Lake Tana gives you easy access to the Lake where you get to view the various monasteries that are found on Tana and it also gives you a chance to visit the Gondar city and explore all that it has to offer. The best time to visit the River is during the wet season because during the dry season, it loses most of its water and the levels drop drastically therefore there will be practically nothing to see during the dry season.

It is also the last tributary to join the Nile River and the activities that one gets to do when they are at the Atbara River include hiking, spot fishing, boat riding on the River, you also get a chance to see the famous River Nile which has its source in the neighboring country Uganda.

The Germama River

The Germama River which is a tributary to the Awash River is also located in the Amharic region where its name originates. The word Germama means something that cannot be tamed or something that is wild and the River was given this specific name because of the way it flows especially during the wet season. When you visit during the dry season you will find that it flows normally but during the rainy season it has a large volume of water which hardly allows any navigation to take place.